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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 31-36

Junctures to the therapeutic goal of diabetes mellitus: Experience in a tertiary care hospital of Kolkata


1 Department of Community Medicine, RG Kar Medical College, Kolkata, India
2 Department of General Medicines, Calcutta Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, India
3 Calcutta Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0976-7800.83271

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Introduction: The World Health Organization has declared India as the "diabetic capital" of the world. In controlling of such chronic, mostly asymptomatic disease, patients' role can't be overemphasized. Aims : To assess the level of compliance to anti-diabetic therapies and to ascertain the determinants of non-compliance, if any. Materials and Methods : A cross-sectional observational study was conducted for 3 months in a diabetic clinic of R G Kar Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata. Data were collected by interviewing the patients, examining their prescriptions and laboratory reports and anthropometry after obtaining informed consent. Results : Blood report at the point of data collection revealed controlled glucose homeostasis in 38.93% patients but evaluation of past 3 months report showed only 24.3% had control over hyperglycemia. Glycemic control was seen to be positively related to short duration of disease, compliance to therapies, and high knowledge about diabetes. Compliance to therapies found in 32.22% of study subjects was in turn associated with short duration of disease. House-wives showed poor compliance; insulin treatment with or without oral-anti-diabetic agent showed better compliance. Knowledge of diabetes was significantly high among higher educated; poor among women, house-wives, and rural people. Conclusion : Patient-providers collaboration is to be developed through a patient-centered care model based on the mutual responsibility of both so that each patient is considered in the mesh of his/her other goals of life and helped to promote empowerment to take informed decision for behavioral change conducive to control the disease.


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