Journal of Mid-life Health Journal of Mid-life Health
Home | About us | Editorial board | Search | Ahead of print | Current Issue | Past Issues | Instructions | Online submission | Subscribe | Advertise Users Online: 806  Print this pageEmail this pageSmall font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size 


REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 5-9

Effect of menopause on women's periodontium


1 Department of Periodontics and Oral Implantology, SGT Dental College, Gurgaon, Haryana, India
2 Private Dental Practitioner, Gurgaon, India

Correspondence Address:
Amit Bhardwaj
House no. 1010, Sector-4, Gurgaon, Haryana 122 001
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0976-7800.98810

Rights and Permissions

Steroid sex hormones have a significant effect on different organ systems. As far as gingiva is concerned, they can influence the cellular proliferation, differentiation and growth of keratinocytes and fibroblasts. Estrogen is mainly responsible for alterations in blood vessels and progesterone stimulates the production of inflammatory mediators. In addition, some micro-organisms found in the human mouth synthesize enzymes needed for steroid synthesis and catabolism. In women, during puberty, ovulation, pregnancy, and menopause, there is an increase in the production of sex steroid hormones which results in increased gingival inflammation, characterized by gingival enlargement, increased gingival bleeding, and cervicular fluid flow and microbial changes.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed2880    
    Printed172    
    Emailed1    
    PDF Downloaded572    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal