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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 2-10

Screening methods(clinical breast examination and mammography) to detect breast cancer in women aged 40–49 years


1 Department of OBG, GMCH, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Radiology, GMCH, Chandigarh, India
3 Department of Radiotherapy, GMCH, Chandigarh, India
4 Department of Surgery, GMCH, Chandigarh, India
5 Department of Pathology, GMCH, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Navneet Takkar
Department of OBG, GMCH, Chandigarh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jmh.JMH_26_16

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Objective: The aim of this study is to detect breast cancer rate, nodal status, tumor size, and associated risk factors using clinical breast examination (CBE) and mammography as screening tools in women aged 40–49 years. Materials and Methods: A total of 500 women were screened in a time period of 2 years, between the ages of 40–49 years for breast cancer. Screening tools used were CBE and mammography. Clinical history and risk factors related to breast cancer were recorded. CBE was performed to detect any breast pathology followed by mammographic screening. Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) mammographic density categories were used for reporting breast imaging on mammography. For women with dense breasts or an inconclusive mammography report, ultrasonography was performed to assess the lesion/s. Suspicious lesion was subjected to fine-needle aspiration cytology or an open surgical biopsy for a confirmatory diagnosis. Women with history of breast cancer were excluded from the study. Results: CBE was normal in almost 90% of the women. Screening mammography revealed Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) I and BI-RADS II in 58.4% and 34.6% of women, respectively. Only 7% of women belonged to BI-RADS III and none in BI-RADS IV category. Conclusion: The study findings are in agreement with the recommendations of the World Health Organization, US preventive task force and UK guidelines that recommend screening mammography in women starting at 50 years.


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